Lepidoptera

Callopistria nobilior Eda, 2000

Common Names

小紅暈散紋夜蛾 (Chinese)

Languages: English

Description

Diagnostic Description

Wingspan 29-34 mm in male (n = 36), 28-32 mm in female (n = 24).

Head - Proboscis fully developed; 2nd labial palpal segment fringed with long scales extending anteriorly, 3rd segment porrect; frons round frontally; eye large; male antennae contorted twice at approximately 1/2 at base.

Thorax – Clothed with black or orcheous long scales on three segments, paired crests on mesothorax orcheous. Legs of male fringed with long hair-tufts on three tibial segments and 1st tarsi; androconial scales orcheous arising from innerside of meso-tibia. Forewing ground colour rufous, tinged with orcheous on veins; long scales arising from Cu1 humeral plate reaching to antemedial line; termen produced and acute at vein R5 and M3; tornus with long scale-tuft at approximately 2/3 part at base; antemedial line light yellow angled at A1+2 with pinkish white scaling at distal margin; orbicular stigma elliptic with white margin; reniform stigma with slender white margin and an internal oblique stripe; a black patch mixed with various colours present between antemedial and postmedial lines; white medial spot indistinguishable; postmedial line light yellow with pinkish white scaling on proximal and distal margins, acutely inwards on R stalk, then as nearly straight line between stalk R3+4 to tornus; submarginal stripes white, oblique, arising from costal margin to vein M3; marginal line white and separated as lunate stripes. Hindwing fuscous.

Pregenital abdomen – Ground coloration fuscous with light-coloured intersegmental stripes; crests orcheous or black mixed with blue, present at 1st to 3rd segments with various colour combinations; male with specialized scale tufts arising latero-ventrally from 2nd sternite; male 8th sternite and its paired lateral rods fringed with long scales; posterior margin of 8th sternite ladder-shaped and incised antero-medially; female 7th sternite membranous without modification.

Male genitalia - Uncus down-curved with apex expanded and densely setose, base of uncus slightly projected bilaterally and fused with apex of tegumen; scaphium consisting of two slender sclerites laying almost parallely; subscaphium having two bend-like sclerites attaching firmly with tuba analis; tegumen ridged at anterior margin, membranous part broadened medially with long filiform scale tufts arising postero-ventrally; tegumeno-ventral sclerites fused with tegumen; transtillae fused with lower end of tegument; anellus porrect, derived from dorso-medial part of transtillae and having a bifurcate apex curving downwards; manica enclosing phallobase and covered with minute spinulose scobination; juxta fused with sacculus laterally and connected with transtillae ventral-laterally; vinculum short and protruded apical-laterally; saccus dorm-shaped ventrally with a bi-triangular apex at posterior-ventral extension; valvae with sacculus broader and more sclerotized than membranous costal region, apex of costal region obtuse, without clasper and harpe complex; subzones I of sacculus beak-like, subzone II tubinate, subzone III with proximal part ridge-wrinkled postero-dorsally and with squamiform scales upon it, distal part papillate pointing latero-ventrally and with gathered short scale tufts at apex and short hair tufts antero-ventrally; aedeagus heavily sclerotized, composed of an asymmetrical sheath with a short vesica, dense spines and slender angled spinulate cornuti, tubular extension of vesica bending laterally when fully swollen, phallobase protruded anteriorly.

Female genitalia - Papillae anales slightly sclerotized at anterior margin and truncate from lateral view; 8th sternite absent; apophysis posterioris extending anteriorly to anterior margin of 8th tergite; apophysis anterioris slender, extending anteriorly to medial part of 7th tergite; ductus bursae short, narrow and membranous near antrum, braodened at posterior part; corpus bursae 2.5 times longer than 7th sternite, signum absent, appendix bursa biconical with wrinkled ductus seminalis arising from conjuction of ductus corpus; additional internal sclerites arising from posterior part of ductus bursae and appendix bursae.

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

Taxon Biology

The following hostplant records are reported for the first time in the present study: Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm., 1875, Microlepia krameri Kuo, 1985, M. obtusiloba Hayata, 1901, M. speluncae (L.) Moore, 1858, and M. strigosa (Thunb.) Presl, 1849 (Dennstaedtiaceae).

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

Type

Callopistria nobilior Eda, 2000: 137 (Type locality: Japan, Okinawa. Type in NMST)

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

Specimen Examined

TAIWAN. Taipei City: 1♂, Nangguan, Hushan, 4-V-2006, Shipher Wu leg. (NTUIM); Taipei County: 1♂, Hsiaokotou, 7-XI-1994, C. H. Mu leg. (TFRI); Taoyuan County: 1♀, 20-VIII-1990, Fuhshing lodge, B. S. Chang leg. (NMNS); 1♂, Paling (= Baling), 12-VI-1986, Y. J. Chang leg. (TFRI); Nantou County: 1♂1♀, Shanlinxi, 30-VII-2006, L. C. Shih leg.(NSYSU); Kaohsiung County: 1♀, Liugui, 20-XII-2000, D. Anstine leg.(TFRI); 1♀, Shanping, 25-XI-1986, Y. Q. Shen leg.(TFRI); 1♀, same locality, 5-XI-1991, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI); 1♂, Tengzhi, 1-VII-2006, L. C. Shih leg. (NTUIM); Taitung County: 1♂, Lanyu, 24-25-IV-1997, W. T. Yang leg. (NMNS); Hualien County: 1♂1♀, Lushui, 13-VIII-1988, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI); Ilan County: 1♂, Chiduan (= Mingchih), 23-IV-1983, B. S. Chang leg. (NMNS); 1♂, Fushan Botanical Garden, 11-VII-1991, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI); 1♀, same locality, 18-VI-1992, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 15-IV-1993, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 29-XII-1994, A. Warneke leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 31-III-1995, J. J. Hsiao leg. (TFRI); 1♂1♀, same locality, 29- V-1995, J. J. Hsiao leg. (TFRI); 1♀, same locality, 27-VI-1995, S. H. Yen leg. (TFRI); 1♀, same locality, 27-VII-1995, A. Warneke leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 27-VII-1995, J. J. Hsiao leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 27-VII-1995, Y. J. Chen leg. (TFRI; 2♂1♀, same locality, 30-VIII-1995, A. Warneke leg. (TFRI); 1♂, same locality, 26-IX-1995, A. Warneke leg. (TFRI);1♂, same locality, 26-IX-1995, J. J. Hsiao leg. (TFRI); 2♂♂, same locality, 26-IX-1995, Y. B. Fan leg. (TFRI);1♂, same locality, 22-XI-2008, S. Wu leg. (NTUIM). JAPAN. Okinawa: holotype, 1♂, 26-III-1996, M. Kimura leg. (NSMT)

Specimen examinations of closely related species

Callopistria postpallida (Prout, 1928)

INDONESIA. S.W. Sumatra: holotype, 1♂, Slopes of Mt. Korintji, VIII-IX-1921, C.F. Pratt & J. Pratt leg. (NHM)

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

Remarks

Eda (2000) considered that the presence of an oblique submarginal stripe in forewing cell m1 could be a diagnostic character of nobilior. However, our examination of a long series of specimens does not corroborate this idea because of the highly variable size and shape of the stripe in this species.

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

Ecology and Distribution

Distribution

Global distribution

Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Hachijo Island, Mikura Island and Okinawa Islands) and Taiwan.

Distribution in Taiwan

Low and medium primary and secondary broad-leaved forests of the main island, and Orchid Island (=Lanyu).

Author(s): Yen, Shen-Horn; Wu, Shipher Creative Commons: by-nc

References

Moore, F. (1858).  Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company. (Horsfield, T., Moore, F., Ed.).Catalogue of the Lepidopterous Insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company. 1, 298 pp. + 18 pls.